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Mosquitoes carry tons of diseases. We're here to keep them from touching you.

Need To Know About Mosquitoes:

#1 – Mosquitoes are the deadliest animals in the world. Okay, they’re not animals, they’€™re insects, but they are the most deadly thing on this planet. Why? Because they carry so many deadly diseases and viruses that affect millions of people each year.

#2 -€“ Only female mosquitoes are biting you. Didn’€™t know that, did you? Male mosquitoes only feed on flower nectar leaving the females to consume blood for reproduction. When female mosquitoes aren’€™t reproducing, they also consume flower nectar.

#3 -€“ All mosquitoes require water to breed. That’€™s why you’€™ve heard so much about mosquitoes and standing water. Only a few inches of water allow mosquitoes to deposit eggs.

#4 -€“ Mosquitoes can detect carbon dioxide from 75 feet away, which is how they’€™re able to locate humans. After CO2 detection, the mosquito flies rapidly around detecting the origin of CO2, looking for a blood meal. Yeah, sounds awful.

Mosquito-Causing Diseases

Malaria:

Approximately 40% of the world’€™s population is exposed to malaria in some form or fashion. It’€™s an ancient disease-€”dating back as far as 2700BC. The term “€œmalaria”€ comes from the Italian “€œmal-aria,”€ which means “€œbad air,”€ because the Italians thought the disease came from the wind in swamps and rivers.

More than one million deaths are reported every year, along with 300-500 million cases of the diseases. On average, malaria kills one child every 40 seconds. While malaria isn’€™t a huge risk in the U.S., outbreaks are still possible due to the amount of people entering and exiting the border, bringing the disease from other locations.

Chikungunya:

This one we can’€™t quite pronounce, but it’s starting to develop more in the U.S. It originated in the Caribbean, with more than 350,000 cases reported in the Western Hemisphere since 2013. As of July 2014, 497 cases were identified in 35 states due to travelers bringing the virus into the U.S.

Dog Heartworm:

If you have a wonderful dog at home, you need to understand the serious concerns that come with mosquito-causing diseases, especially dog heartworm. Mosquitoes transfer larvae of roundworm to canines through a bite. Roundworm can be extremely serious and life threatening for a dog.

Once the disease is transmitted to a dog, it cannot be eliminated. However, it can be controlled or prevented with proper medication and/or injections. Along with medication and injections, a good course of action is to keep your yard treated for mosquitoes on a regular basis, especially if you live in warm, damp climates.

Dengue:

This is a serious arboviral disease in the Americas, Asia and Africa. It has a low mortality rate, but in recent years it has become more serious, since frequency and mortality has risen.

Over the last 16 years, dengue fever has become more prominent. Fifty-five cases were reported in Texas in 1999. In 2009, the first case of transmission appeared in Florida in more than 75 years, and since the transmission, more than 65 additional cases were reported in the state in 2010.

West Nile Virus:

This virus emerged in 1937 in Uganda and was transferred to Europe, the Middle East, west and central Asia, and coastal islands. It first appeared in the U.S. in 1999 in New York with 62 cases and 7 deaths. In 2001, 66 cases and 10 deaths were reported across 10 states.

As of 2014, 36,437 cases of West Nile virus have been reported in the U.S. and 1,538 of those cases were fatal. The CDC reports that the virus is underreported because of its similarity to other viral infections, although the CDC estimates there have been at least 1.5 million infections.

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